In Materiales By Victoria

Anna Jarvis y la historia del Día de la Madre

Pero, de hecho, Día de la Madre tiene una larga historia, unas vacaciones oficialmente reconocido, se convirtió hace apenas un siglo. La tradición de proporcionar la fecha de de alquiler está disponible en los países de habla Inglés. Por ejemplo, en el Reino Unido desde XVII del XIX siglo durante la Cuaresma se señaló «Domingo de las Madres» Mothering Sunday en los Estados Unidos, el pico de interés en el día festivo cae en el XIX siglo, cuando la primera Julia Ward, y luego con más éxito Anna Jarvis anunció la necesidad de Día de la Madre. Después de haber perdido a su madre en 1905, Anna Jarvis en 1907 puso en marcha una iniciativa para apoyar su idea de unas madres de vacaciones. Ella comenzó a aplicarse a las agencias del gobierno con una solicitud para legalizar el Día de la Madre e hizo su propia. En 1914, el presidente Woodrow Wilson firmó un decreto que a partir de ahora en el segundo domingo de mayo se celebra en los Estados Unidos como una fiesta nacional dedicada a todas las madres.

El destino de Anna Jarvis no es feliz. Conocida como la «Madre de Día de la Madre», que ella misma es la madre nunca llegó a ser. Ella quería que esta celebración fue sencilla, pero tenía un significado más profundo en esta visión del Día de su Madre dispersado con la opinión de la sociedad de consumo, que anima a los niños a dar regalos a sus madres. Esta actitud primitiva de las vacaciones, que fue originalmente invertido otro significado, más profundo decepcionado Anna, que incluso trató de recoger firmas para su abolición, pero que no tuvo éxito.

Compatriotas recuerda Anna, en la casa donde nació, es ahora un museo de la memoria y de la iglesia de su pueblo natal de Grafton en Virginia cada año el servicio solemne en honor al Día de la Madre. Le sugerimos que vea el tema preparada para el programa Outlook en la televisión West Virginia Broadcasting al centenario aniversario del Día de la Madre en los Estados Unidos.

Mother’s Day is celebrated this Sunday. A special Mother’s Day service will take place in Grafton. Grafton is located in Taylor County and it’s where Mother’s Day began a hundred years ago. Emily Corio has more on the West Virginia connection to Mother’s Day, and how the person who started it all later lamented what the holiday turned into.

Century old stained glass and huge mirror still decorate the chapel walls where the first Mother’s Day service was held a hundred years ago. The international Mother’s Day shrine looks like a traditional church because it was for decades. One of its members was Ann Reeves Jarvis. She’s the mother who inspired Mother’s Day.

Ann Reeves Jarvis was actually the assistant superintendant of the primary department of the church school. And she also worked to bring the mothers together and to mothers’ workgroups to help improve sanitary conditions in the community, to improve the health and to reduce infant mortality in the area. She died in 1905. Her daughter Anna Jarvis declared when her mother died that she would create a day to honor all mothers in an effort to honor her own mother.

In this room we have the resolution that President Wilson signed on May 8th 1914 making Mother’s Day the legal holiday that we celebrate today. Now remember we celebrated Mother’s Day many-many times before that even dating back to the Greek days, but it was not official and that’s why Anna Jarvis is giving the distinction of starting Mother’s Day even though other people did try to do that and did things to do that but she got the resolution passed in Congress.

Anna Jarvis was born here in 1864. Now the home is a museum open for tours.

In 1994 my husband and I were travelling through here and we saw the house in shambles. And we were really distracted over that because of the fact that’s such a significant and important thing for the state of West Virginia and Taylor County. So we met a lady by the name of Auchen Profoun and she offered a house to us and we accepted it and so in 1994 they decided to give us the house on Mother’s Day. So we stood up there on the front porch and we accepted the keys and we started the restoration project which took us two years and Thunder on the Tygart Foundation, a nonprofit organization, is the owner of the properties and we just work here as volunteers.

The nineteenth century farmhouse in Tailor County looks authentic down to the floor wallpaper, the black and white pictures of the Jarvis family and the many antiques that belonged to Anna Jarvis.

Oh we have many of her wonderful things. She sent postcards to people all the time. So this is one that was sent to a lady in Grafton in 1916 reminding them about Mother’s Day, and if we look on everything that Anna Jarvis had made for Mother’s Day it never says “ Happy Mother’s Day ” , it only says “ Mother’s Day ” .

Anna Jarvis wanted Mother’s Day to be simple but meaningful. She wanted sons and daughters to write letters to their mothers and not to sign their name at the bottom of the greeting card. She wanted mothers to rest on this holiday. So Jarvis was upset when she saw flowers, greeting cards and candy become focal points of the holiday.

She was going door-to-door getting a petition sign to resent Mother’s Day because of the commercialization of it. She didn’t want it to be a holiday any longer. She figured that it just can go more commercialized in the future. And she was quickly placed in a Marshall Square Sanatorium outside the West Chester, Pennsylvania, where she ended up dying on November the 24th 1948. The people that actually paid her bill at the Sanatorium were actually “ the card and flowers people ” , so our assumption is that they put her there to keep her quiet because Anna Jarvis would never give up on a project until it was complete.

Anna Jarvis never married and she didn’t have any children of her own but she is considered “ the mother of Mother’s Day ” and Grafton celebrates that for one hundred time this year. For Outlook, I’m Emily Corio.

Useful words and phrases:

  • Service n — servicio, servicio (Esta palabra polisémica tiene varios significados, aquí se utiliza en un sentido religioso).
  • Lament v — 1) gemir, llorar; para llorar; para llorar; lamentar; quejarse; 2) a llorar.
  • Chapel n — Capilla capilla.
  • Shrine n — la tumba, un altar, un templo, un santuario (Inglés Americano son inherentes a los tres últimos valores).
  • Decade n — década.
  • Superintendant n — Director.
  • Sanitary conditions — condiciones sanitarias.
  • Infant mortality — la mortalidad infantil.
  • Date back to — citas, enraizada en … comenzar a ….
  • In shambles — en ruinas, un desastre.
  • Front porch — patio delantero.
  • Restoration project — proyecto de restauración.
  • Nonprofit organization — organización pública (sin fines de lucro) (caritativa, educativa, profesional u otra organización, por lo general creado en forma de una corporación sin fines de lucro nonprofit corporation no poner en que los objetivos estatutarios de obtener una ganancia Los fondos recibidos por una organización de personas, empresas y organizaciones. No se grava. En los Estados Unidos hay decenas de miles de los más diversos grupos sociales. Un ejemplo de una de las mayores organizaciones sin fines de lucro puede servir como una agencia de noticias Associated Press Associated Press American English Dictionary
  • Property — propiedad.
  • Meaningful adj — un sentido significativo, importante.
  • Give up — dejar, dejar de fumar, se dio por vencido (a).
  • Focal point — el foco, el punto focal, el punto principal, la cuestión principal.

Y ahora te ofrecemos realizar una prueba corta en la comprensión de la trama.

 

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