In Ciencia By Oksana

Clichés comunicativas en inglés

Se cree que los sellos de pensamiento y clichés usados ​​frases formularias — es obsceno. Pero si esta opinión estamos estudiando un idioma extranjero (alumnos, estudiantes, etc.)? ¿Qué es mejor en términos de dominio de la cultura de la palabra en el estudio de una lengua extranjera: cuando un alumno o estudiante juega bonito, pero aprendí de memoria los patrones del habla de los demás, o cuando se utiliza «torpe», pero sus frases y pensamientos? Yo creo que las normas del habla y clichés dan nuestra alfabetización discurso, hacen que sea hermosa, comprensible para los demás. El aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera es difícil, incluso al más alto nivel, de forma rápida y correcta de formular sus pensamientos. Un problema particularmente agudo se siente durante el habla espontánea (esto se aplica incluso a los profesores). Desarrollar habilidades para organizar rápidamente sus pensamientos en la propuesta, es decir, to speak fluently para ser utilizado en lugares comunes de comunicación de voz. En primer lugar, gracias a frases comunicativas listos bellamente enmarcados propuestas lógicamente conectados, por lo que es agradable de escuchar. En segundo lugar, con lo que el conocimiento de la palabra frases listo para el automatismo, diciendo, utilizando uno u otro cliché, pensando en la siguiente frase. Así, por medio de clichés comunicativas muy fácil de deshacerse de la llamada tartamudez lingüística.

Propongo para clasificar los clichés comunicativas (de acuerdo con los motivos, situaciones y etapas de declaraciones) de acuerdo con 9 grupos:

  1. A partir de las declaraciones
  2. Declaraciones Continuación
  3. Expresión
  4. El punto de vista opuesto
  5. Expresión de consentimiento
  6. La disidencia, la duda
  7. Aclaración de la situación, el foco
  8. Estos ejemplos, hechos
  9. Fin de la declaración
Frase hecha Traducción Posible
1. Inicie las declaraciones (Opening)
I’d like to point out right at the beginning that… En primer lugar me gustaría señalar (nota) que …
How by way of introduction I would go as far as to say that… A modo de introducción, yo diría (diría) que …
Just at the beginning I would go as far as to say that… Al principio, yo diría (diría) que …
It should be pointed out right as the beginning that… En primer lugar hay que señalar que …
We very clearly remember that… Recordamos muy bien que …
Today we’ll be taking a closer look at… Hoy damos un vistazo más de cerca …
Let’s talk briefly about… Vamos a hablar brevemente sobre …
2. Continuación de la declaración (Continuing)
But right now our attention turns to… Ahora preste atención a …
Now, let’s look at the situation in… Y ahora vamos a ver esta situación (por ejemplo. Por otro lado)
And now let’s turn to… Ahora pasamos a la …
I think what we can hope to do now is… Creo que ahora podemos esperar hacer … (algo que podemos esperar en este momento — es …)
What is likely to happen is… Lo más probable es que ocurra el próximo …
Let’s move to another question. Vamos a pasar a la siguiente pregunta.
Now it is going to be my pleasure to explain to you… Estoy satisfecho (con alegría) explicar a usted …
3. Una expresión de opinión (Opinion phrases)
I don’t profess to be an expert on the subject of… No pretendo ser el experto en este tema … (en preguntas acerca de …)
No one, I think, is challenging the view that… Creo que nadie duda de que la …
I am tempted to think that… Me inclino a pensar que …
I don’t honestly think that… Sinceramente, no creo que …
And now I’d prefer to talk about… rather than… Y ahora me gustaría hablar de … más que …
It strikes me that… Me sorprende que …
I know from personal experience… Sé por mi propia experiencia que …
I hold the view that… Soy de la opinión de que …
Well, my personal feeling is… Mi opinión personal …
It’s my firm believe that… Creo firmemente que …
As far as I am concerned… En cuanto a mí, entonces …
It’s been my observation that… Según mis observaciones …
I am not so pessimistic as to suggest… Yo no soy tan pesimista como para sugerir …
I’ve got an impression that… Tengo la impresión de que …
4. El punto de vista opuesto (Contrasting point of view)
On the other hand… Por otro lado …
There is another side to this. Hay otro lado.
There are 2 ways of looking at this… Con este se puede ver desde dos lados.
There are different views of… Hay diferentes opiniones sobre …
It would be a mistake to think that… Sería erróneo (mal) a pensar que …
It is not a final word on the matter. Esta no es la última palabra en este asunto.
It doesn’t necessarily mean that… Esto no significa necesariamente que …
Well, there’s been a debate about this. Este debate.
I take a different view at… Tengo una opinión diferente acerca de …
Opponents argue that… Los opositores argumentan que …
Many people oppose the viewpoint that… Muchas personas no apoyan la opinión de que …
There’s been mixed reaction to… Hubo una reacción mixta a la …
5. Expresión de Consentimiento (Agreement)
Yes, you’re quite right to say that… Tienes toda la razón cuando dijiste …
You are certainly correct to say that… Tienes toda la razón cuando dijeron …
You’ve been very right to say that… Tiene usted toda la razón al decir que …
No questions about it. Sin duda alguna.
Well, exactly. That’s precisely what I was going to say. ¡Eso es! Esto es exactamente lo que yo quería decir.
I have almost no doubt that… Casi no tengo duda de que …
I am 100% certain that… Estoy 100% seguro de que …
I have little doubt that… No tengo ninguna duda de que …
6. La expresión de desacuerdo, la duda (Disagreement, uncertainty)
I can disagree. No podría estar más de acuerdo.
I express strong objection to the idea that… Estoy totalmente en desacuerdo con la opinión de que …
I don’t think it’s fair to say that… Yo no creo que es justo decir …
That’s where you are wrong about it. Es en este te equivocas.
This does not seem to be so. Parece que no lo es.
There is continuing disagreement over… Constantemente hay desacuerdo sobre el …
There has been much disagreement over… Hay muchas diferencias con respecto a …
It is rather questionable if… Más bien dudoso, a menos que …
It looks very unlikely that… Es poco probable que …
It’s an impossible question to answer. Esta pregunta es imposible de contestar.
I have considerable doubt as far as N. is concerned. Realmente dudo N.
I doubt it very much, because… Lo dudo mucho, porque …
I am rather vague about it. No estoy muy seguro.
7. Aclaración de la situación, el foco (Clearing up, emphasizing)
Nobody would want to deny the fact that… Nadie puede negar el hecho de que …
And the thing that comes particularly strongly is… Y sobre todo la atención de (asignado) algo así como …
One of the things that must be of concern (importance) to us is… En primer lugar, tenemos que prestar atención a los … (para nosotros es muy importante, en primer lugar …)
I’d like to remind you that… Me gustaría recordarles que …
We have to bear in mind that… Tenga en cuenta que …
One has to bear in mind… Todo el mundo debería tener en cuenta que …
What we have to look forward to is… Lo que podemos esperar (lo que podemos esperar), por lo que es …
It’s from this angle that one must seriously consider this problem. Es a partir de este lado de la necesidad de abordar seriamente este problema.
It must be admitted that… Cabe señalar que …
It immediately brings to mind… Esto recuerda inmediatamente (tentador pensar) acerca de …
But one mustn’t lose sight of the fact that… No podemos perder de vista el hecho de que …
The other thing that we should keep in mind is… La siguiente cosa (la próxima vez), que (t) se debe recordar …
To go right to the heart of the problem I’d like to say that… En cuanto a la naturaleza del problema, me gustaría decir que …
Yes, the strange thing about it is that… Sí, extraño en esto es que …
What I was greatly struck by is… Lo que me llamó la atención, es …
I must make my reservation. Tengo que hacer una reserva.
Reservation should be made. Usted debe hacer una reserva.
8. Los ejemplos anteriores, los hechos (Giving examples, facts)
Let me give you a brief example… Déjeme darle un ejemplo rápido …
Let me give you an example of what I mean… Déjeme darle un ejemplo de lo que quiero decir …
Let me illustrate the point with the example… Permítanme demostrar este punto como un ejemplo …
What we have seen now is a kind of a perfect example of… Lo que acabamos de ver — es un ejemplo perfecto de eso …
Let me see if I can illustrate that for you. Déjame ver si puedo explicarlo.
There is a great deal of discussion about… En cuanto al debate en curso ….
It’s a problem that will only increase in time. Este es un problema que sólo aumentará con el tiempo (peor).
Nobody doubts that… Nadie duda de que el …
This means just what it says. Significa exactamente lo que usted piensa.
What’s more difficult to explain is… Lo que es aún más difícil de explicar, es …
There’s a widely held view that… Existe la creencia generalizada de que …
There’s been a lot of scientific evidence that… Hay un montón de evidencia científica de que …
There’s enough evidence that… Existe amplia evidencia de que el …
Declaración 9. Finalización (Concluding)
To draw to a close I’d like to say that… En conclusión, me gustaría decir que …
To have the final say in the matter… Por último diré que …
To crown it all I’d like to say that… Por encima de todo, me gustaría decir que …
Let’s have a final look at… Vamos a considerar la última vez …
It only remains for me to say… Sólo puedo decir que …
I would like to sum up the chief points of what has just been said. Me gustaría resumir los puntos principales de lo que se ha dicho.
All things considered, the obvious conclusion to be drawn is that… Tomando todo en cuenta, podemos hacer la conclusión obvia de que …
All in all, it is evident… En última instancia, es obvio que …
To sum it up I’d like to say… En resumen, quiero decir …
To draw to the conclusion I’d like to say that… En conclusión, me gustaría decir que …
Summarizing, we may say that… Resumiendo, podemos decir que …
That’s where I’d like to end. Al mismo tiempo quiero terminar.

(Oraciones de ejemplo hicieron profesor GGPIIYA Sergey Martinson)

Cabe señalar que estos clichés son auténticos, es decir, que se seleccionaron a partir de fuentes primarias (programas de la BBC y artículos en la revista The Economist Por lo tanto, la traducción de estas frases no es su equivalente ruso, y un intento de maximizar la precisión transmitir su significado.

Espero que esta será una selección de tópicos de comunicación indispensables para los estudiantes del idioma Inglés. Estas frases le ayudarán a hacer su discurso expresivo y natural.

Propongo para comparar los dos textos. Texto 1 ilumina el tema, pero no contiene linking elements (frases, acordes), Text 2 frases comunicativas saturadas, por lo que es «vivo». Clichés habla de sí mismos, por regla general, no llevan el contenido semántico, pero construir el marco de las declaraciones atribuidas algunos pensamientos juntos. Alguien podría decir que el uso de frases cliché — por no decir nada. Pero para hablar de cualquier cosa en Inglés — ninguna cosa de risa! De acuerdo! 🙂

Texto 1

Mass Media

We can’t imagine our life without mass media: newspapers, magazines, books, radio, television, films, records, tapes, etc. The impact of all mass media is very strong.

News is not what happens – it is what you see or read in mass media. In other words, mass media shapes public opinion. Sometimes it’s good, but sometimes it’s terribly bad.

TV is one of the most popular mass media in the contemporary world. There are many arguments for & against TV. Television has both advantages & disadvantages, positive & negative influence.

TV keeps us informed about current events in different parts of the world. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into our sitting room. There are many educational programmes that give us ideas about right & wrong, good & bad. Television helps to increase the popularity of sports. The popularity of professional football has soared largely because of television. Television plays its greatest role in presidential races. Everybody knows that today many candidates reach more voters through a single TV appearance than through all the in-person campaigning they do. Different political talk-show programmes are extremely popular nowadays & they capture people’s attention.

But negative effect of television is also great indeed. It occupies a good deal of our spare time. Our parents sit for hours before the box and don’t want to go to the theatres or museums, speak to their friends, or play with their children. And children are unwilling to do their home assignment, read books or go outside. They prefer to watch their favourite programmes or films on “ telly ” . TV begins to dominate our lives. We gradually become TV addicts. One more harmful effect results when people fail to achieve the success they see on TV and become dissatisfied or bitter.

Good or bad television brings the world into our home and brings us closer to other people. Besides, it is good company for people who live alone. TV changes our language, stimulates our emotions, informs our intellect, extends our knowledge, influences our ideas and provides vital food for our imagination. We must realize that TV in itself is neither good nor bad. It’s up to us to decide which advantages we can make of it.

Texto 2

Mass Media

I’d like to point out right at the beginning that we can’t imagine our life without mass media: newspapers, magazines, books, radio, television, films, records, tapes, etc. No one, I think, is challenging the view that the impact of all mass media is very strong.

Some people claim that “ news is not what happens – it is what you see or read in mass media ” . In other words, mass media shapes public opinion. Sometimes it’s good, but sometimes it’s terribly bad. “ news is not what happens – it is what you see or read in mass media ” . In other words, mass media shapes public opinion. Sometimes it’s good, but sometimes it’s terribly bad. opinión. “ news is not what happens – it is what you see or read in mass media ” . In other words, mass media shapes public opinion. Sometimes it’s good, but sometimes it’s terribly bad. terriblemente malo. “ news is not what happens – it is what you see or read in mass media ” . In other words, mass media shapes public opinion. Sometimes it’s good, but sometimes it’s terribly bad.

It goes without saying and nobody would deny the fact that TV is one of the most popular mass media in the contemporary world. I don’t profess to be an expert on the subject of the impact of television on people, but it can be stated with certainty that there are many arguments for & against TV. It is obvious that television has both advantages & disadvantages, positive & negative influence.

And now I’d prefer to talk about positive effects of TV rather than negative ones. The first thing that must be of great importance to us is that TV keeps people informed about current events in different parts of the world. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into our sitting room. There are many educational programmes that give us ideas about right & wrong, good & bad. is that TV keeps people informed about current events in different parts of the world. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into our sitting room. There are many educational programmes that give us ideas about right & wrong, good & bad. son llevados a la derecha en nuestra sala de estar. is that TV keeps people informed about current events in different parts of the world. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into our sitting room. There are many educational programmes that give us ideas about right & wrong, good & bad. is that TV keeps people informed about current events in different parts of the world. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into our sitting room. There are many educational programmes that give us ideas about right & wrong, good & bad. We also mustn’t lose sight of the fact that television helps to increase the popularity of sports. For example , the popularity of professional football has soared largely because of television. Moreover , television plays its greatest role in presidential races. Everybody knows that today many candidates reach more voters through a single TV appearance than through all the in-person campaigning they do. Different political talk-show programmes are extremely popular nowadays & they capture people’s attention. , television plays its greatest role in presidential races. Everybody knows that today many candidates reach more voters through a single TV appearance than through all the in-person campaigning they do. Different political talk-show programmes are extremely popular nowadays & they capture people’s attention. votantes a través de una sola aparición en la televisión que a través de toda la campaña en persona lo hacen. , television plays its greatest role in presidential races. Everybody knows that today many candidates reach more voters through a single TV appearance than through all the in-person campaigning they do. Different political talk-show programmes are extremely popular nowadays & they capture people’s attention. populares hoy en día y que captan la atención del público. , television plays its greatest role in presidential races. Everybody knows that today many candidates reach more voters through a single TV appearance than through all the in-person campaigning they do. Different political talk-show programmes are extremely popular nowadays & they capture people’s attention.

But there is another side of looking at television , because its negative effect is also great indeed. TV occupies a good deal of our spare time. , because its negative effect is also great indeed. TV occupies a good deal of our spare time. It strikes me that our parents sit for hours before the box and don’t want to go to the theatres or museums, speak to their friends, or play with their children. And children are unwilling to do their home assignment, read books or go outside. They prefer to watch their favourite programmes or films on “ telly ” . TV begins to dominate our lives. our parents sit for hours before the box and don’t want to go to the theatres or museums, speak to their friends, or play with their children. And children are unwilling to do their home assignment, read books or go outside. They prefer to watch their favourite programmes or films on “ telly ” . TV begins to dominate our lives. asignación, leer libros o salir a la calle. our parents sit for hours before the box and don’t want to go to the theatres or museums, speak to their friends, or play with their children. And children are unwilling to do their home assignment, read books or go outside. They prefer to watch their favourite programmes or films on “ telly ” . TV begins to dominate our lives. películas en «la tele». our parents sit for hours before the box and don’t want to go to the theatres or museums, speak to their friends, or play with their children. And children are unwilling to do their home assignment, read books or go outside. They prefer to watch their favourite programmes or films on “ telly ” . TV begins to dominate our lives. our parents sit for hours before the box and don’t want to go to the theatres or museums, speak to their friends, or play with their children. And children are unwilling to do their home assignment, read books or go outside. They prefer to watch their favourite programmes or films on “ telly ” . TV begins to dominate our lives. What commonly happens is that we gradually become TV addicts. One more harmful effect results when people fail to achieve the success they see on TV and become dissatisfied or bitter. we gradually become TV addicts. One more harmful effect results when people fail to achieve the success they see on TV and become dissatisfied or bitter. alcanzar el éxito que ven en la televisión y estar insatisfecho o amargo. we gradually become TV addicts. One more harmful effect results when people fail to achieve the success they see on TV and become dissatisfied or bitter.

To crown it all I’d like to say that good or bad television brings the world into our home and brings us closer to other people. Besides, it is good company for people who live alone. that good or bad television brings the world into our home and brings us closer to other people. Besides, it is good company for people who live alone. To say more , TV changes our language, stimulates our emotions, informs our intellect, extends our knowledge, influences our ideas and provides vital food for our imagination. I firmly believe we must realize that TV in itself is neither good nor bad. It’s up to us to decide which advantages we can make of it. malo. we must realize that TV in itself is neither good nor bad. It’s up to us to decide which advantages we can make of it. ventajas podemos hacer de ella. we must realize that TV in itself is neither good nor bad. It’s up to us to decide which advantages we can make of it.

 

Ciencia

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