In Gramática By Alejandro

Tiempo Past Continuous: el pasado por un largo tiempo en el idioma Inglés

Tiempo Past Continuous es una de las pocas veces que el inglés que describen los hechos cometidos en el pasado. Pertenecer a un grupo de su Continuous dice que esta acción se prolongó y se prolongó durante algún tiempo. Vamos a ser capaces de determinar exactamente qué tipo de acción más tarde, y ahora mira cómo las imágenes del pasado por un largo tiempo en el idioma Inglés — Past Continuous Tense

Como formas Past Continuous Tense: reglas y ejemplos

Cada vez que el grupo Continuous es analítica, que se compone de un verbo auxiliar y semántico. Auxiliar constante estos tiempos — to be que toma la forma, dependiendo de la primera palabra de la época título. En este caso, Past t. E. El tiempo de verbo auxiliar Past Continuous adoptará la forma was / were Verbo Semántica es el mismo — es el infinitivo del verbo, se unió al grupo desde el final de la Continuous ing

Así, la afirmativa se verá como was / were doing

I was working. – I was working. – Yo estaba trabajando.

He (she, it) was working. – He (she, it) was working. – Él (ella) trabajó.

We (you, they) were working. – We (you, they) were working. – Nosotros (tú, tú, ellos) trabajado.

Preguntas en el Past Continuous formada de la siguiente manera: el verbo auxiliar se coloca delante del sujeto (es decir, E. Al comienzo de la cuestión general, o inmediatamente después de la palabra de la pregunta de un número especial.):

Was he working? – Was he working? – Funcionó?

Were you working? – Were you working? – Usted ha trabajado?

Where was he working? – Where was he working? – ¿De dónde trabaja?

En la forma negativa de las partículas not colocados inmediatamente después del verbo auxiliar:

I was not working. – I was not working. – No he trabajado.

Formas reducidas en este momento están sólo en términos negativos: wasn’ t / weren’ t

She wasn’t working. – She wasn’t working. – No estaba funcionando.

Weren’t we working? – Weren’t we working? – No trabajamos?

El uso del Past Continuous Tense: ejemplos de propuestas

Cuando se utiliza Past Continuous Esta vez se utiliza para mostrar que la acción se hizo en el pasado, este proceso se prolongó durante algún tiempo indefinido. Ahora vamos a enumerar exactamente qué funciones se llevan a cabo durante el Past Continuous Tense con frases de ejemplo. Por lo tanto, se utiliza para transmitir:

  1. De acción prolongada, que tuvo lugar en algún momento en el pasado. Como regla general, no sabemos cuándo empezó y cuánto estaba pasando, lo principal que tuvo lugar justo en el momento.

    It was raining in the morning. – It was raining in the morning. – Por la mañana hubo una lluvia.

    We were playing chess at 5 o’clock. – We were playing chess at 5 o’clock. – En cinco jugamos ajedrez.

    Por regla general, este tipo de propuestas o indicar el tiempo exacto en que se realizó la acción at siete o’clock at midnight at noon o hay alguna otra acción, expresado en el Past Simple

    When I returned she was still sitting on the sofa. – el sofá. When I returned she was still sitting on the sofa. – When I returned she was still sitting on the sofa. – Cuando regresé, ella todavía estaba sentada en el sofá.

    I opened the window. The cars were passing my house and a man was standing at the traffic lights. – hombre estaba parado en el semáforo. I opened the window. The cars were passing my house and a man was standing at the traffic lights. – I opened the window. The cars were passing my house and a man was standing at the traffic lights. – Abrí la ventana. Pasé por delante de mi casa la máquina, y la transición era un hombre.

    Además, el efecto a largo plazo no puede ocurrir en un momento determinado y en un cierto período de tiempo en el pasado:

    I was looking for a flat for a long time when I first came to Paris. – largo tiempo, cuando vine por primera vez a París. I was looking for a flat for a long time when I first came to Paris. – I was looking for a flat for a long time when I first came to Paris. – Yo estaba buscando un apartamento por un largo tiempo, cuando llegué a París por primera vez.

    — What were you doing in Africa? – — What were you doing in Africa? – ¿Qué estabas haciendo en África?

    — We were treating the sick people, but I don’t want to go there again. – pero no quiero ir allí de nuevo. — We were treating the sick people, but I don’t want to go there again. – — We were treating the sick people, but I don’t want to go there again. – Hemos tratado casos, pero cuanto más no quiero volver allí.

    Como hemos dicho, los marcadores del discurso de tiempo pueden estar presentes en una oración con el tiempo Past Continuous pero a menudo el tiempo se expresa por otra acción o claro por el contexto. Curiosamente, y Past Simple y Past Continuous uso palabras-pista: all day long (todo el día), all the time (todo el tiempo), all day yesterday (último día completo), the whole morning (mañana) y etcétera se puede utilizar como Past Simple y Past Continuous La única diferencia es que con el uso del Past Simple importante sólo el hecho de la acción, Past Continuous muestra el efecto del proceso.

    I was cooking the whole evening yesterday. – I was cooking the whole evening yesterday. – Ayer me estaba preparando la noche.

    I cooked the whole evening yesterday. – I cooked the whole evening yesterday. – Ayer me estaba preparando la noche. (Traducción no se cambia)

  2. Dos o más de acción a largo plazo en el pasado se llevó a cabo al mismo tiempo. Acciones a menudo están vinculados con la ayuda de la while (tiempo):

    We were trying to open the door while the firemen were fitting the ladder to get into the flat through the window. – los bomberos fueron encajando la escalera para entrar en el piso por la ventana. We were trying to open the door while the firemen were fitting the ladder to get into the flat through the window. – We were trying to open the door while the firemen were fitting the ladder to get into the flat through the window. – Estábamos tratando de abrir la puerta, y el fuego en este momento instalamos una escalera para entrar en el apartamento a través de una ventana.

    She was playing piano and her sister was singing. The guests were listening to their music with bated breath. – cantando. She was playing piano and her sister was singing. The guests were listening to their music with bated breath. – la respiración contenida. She was playing piano and her sister was singing. The guests were listening to their music with bated breath. – She was playing piano and her sister was singing. The guests were listening to their music with bated breath. – Ella tocaba el piano, y su hermana cantaba. Los huéspedes escucharon su música con gran expectación.

    Pero si la acción no se produjo simultáneamente, pero uno después del otro, para la transferencia no se puede utilizar Past Continuous en cuyo caso las acciones se ponen en la Past Simple

    He came to the office at eight, typed some in important letters, then asked the secretary to bring the managers’ reports and analyzed them the whole day. – escrito algunos en cartas importantes, a continuación, pidió a la secretaria para que los informes de los directivos y los analizó todo el día. He came to the office at eight, typed some in important letters, then asked the secretary to bring the managers’ reports and analyzed them the whole day. – He came to the office at eight, typed some in important letters, then asked the secretary to bring the managers’ reports and analyzed them the whole day. – Llegó a la oficina a las ocho, anotó cartas importantes, a continuación, se le preguntó a su secretaria para que la administración de registros y analizar todo el día.

  3. De acción prolongada en el pasado, que está interrumpido por otra acción (por lo general más corta). En este caso, interrumpido por la acción expresada en el Past Continuous , a acción de interrupción — en el Past Simple Acciones están vinculadas a través de alianzas as y when

    I was walking along the street when suddenly I heard a woman’s cry. – escuché el grito de una mujer. I was walking along the street when suddenly I heard a woman’s cry. – I was walking along the street when suddenly I heard a woman’s cry. – Yo estaba caminando por la calle cuando escuchó el grito de una mujer.

    As he was taking a shower, somebody knocked at his door. – llamó a su puerta. As he was taking a shower, somebody knocked at his door. – As he was taking a shower, somebody knocked at his door. – Al tomar una ducha, alguien llamó a la puerta.

    As I was explaining the reason for doing this, he interrupted me very rudely. – esto, él me interrumpió muy groseramente. As I was explaining the reason for doing this, he interrupted me very rudely. – As I was explaining the reason for doing this, he interrupted me very rudely. – Cuando le expliqué las razones para hacerlo, él groseramente me interrumpió.

  4. Tiempo Past Continuous Tense se utiliza en la descripción:
    • medio ambiente o atmósfera que acompaña a los pasos básicos:

      He entered the door. The candles were burning in the corners and the smell of cigarettes was filling the room. The smartly dressed guests were sitting on soft sofas and the waiters were pouring the champagne. — el olor de los cigarrillos fue llenando la habitación. He entered the door. The candles were burning in the corners and the smell of cigarettes was filling the room. The smartly dressed guests were sitting on soft sofas and the waiters were pouring the champagne. — sofás y los camareros estaban vertiendo el champán. He entered the door. The candles were burning in the corners and the smell of cigarettes was filling the room. The smartly dressed guests were sitting on soft sofas and the waiters were pouring the champagne. — He entered the door. The candles were burning in the corners and the smell of cigarettes was filling the room. The smartly dressed guests were sitting on soft sofas and the waiters were pouring the champagne. — Él entró. En las esquinas de la quema de velas y cigarrillos olor llenó la habitación. Exquisitamente invitados vestidos sentados en los sofás y los camareros vierte champán.

      The strong wind was howling, the rain was beating against the roof and the trees were bending, creating horrifying shadows. She was terribly scared and decided to ask her sister to stay with her. She lifted the phone but instead of tone she heard deafening silence. – golpeaba contra el techo y los árboles se doblaban, creando sombras espeluznantes. The strong wind was howling, the rain was beating against the roof and the trees were bending, creating horrifying shadows. She was terribly scared and decided to ask her sister to stay with her. She lifted the phone but instead of tone she heard deafening silence. – su hermana para quedarse con ella. The strong wind was howling, the rain was beating against the roof and the trees were bending, creating horrifying shadows. She was terribly scared and decided to ask her sister to stay with her. She lifted the phone but instead of tone she heard deafening silence. – que escuchó el silencio ensordecedor. The strong wind was howling, the rain was beating against the roof and the trees were bending, creating horrifying shadows. She was terribly scared and decided to ask her sister to stay with her. She lifted the phone but instead of tone she heard deafening silence. – The strong wind was howling, the rain was beating against the roof and the trees were bending, creating horrifying shadows. She was terribly scared and decided to ask her sister to stay with her. She lifted the phone but instead of tone she heard deafening silence. – El viento aullaba, la lluvia golpeando el techo, árboles doblados, creando sombras misteriosas. Ella estaba terriblemente asustado y decidió pedir a su hermana a sentarse con ella. Cogió el teléfono, pero en vez de pitidos escuchó el silencio ensordecedor.

    • el carácter de una persona o hábitos, que tienden a causar irritación o insatisfacción con el altavoz. Tales propuestas se utilizan a menudo adverbio always (siempre) y constantly (de forma permanente):

      He was always making us listen to his stupid ideas considering them to be ingenious. – ideas estúpidas por considerar que son ingeniosos. He was always making us listen to his stupid ideas considering them to be ingenious. – He was always making us listen to his stupid ideas considering them to be ingenious. – Siempre tenía Escuchemos sus ideas estúpidas, considerándolos brillante.

      The boy was constantly playing tricks on his poor mother. – pobre madre. The boy was constantly playing tricks on his poor mother. – The boy was constantly playing tricks on his poor mother. – El niño se juega constantemente su pobre madre.

Si utiliza Time Past Continuous Tense no debe olvidar que algunos verbos no se utilizan en los tiempos del grupo Continuous ¿Qué es los verbos y cómo han sido descritos en el artículo de «verbos de estado en el idioma Inglés.»

Este tema está estrechamente relacionado con el otro como se describe en los artículos que deben prestar atención:

  • «El tiempo transcurrido en el idioma Inglés»
  • «El tiempo Past Simple ( tiempo pasado)»
  • «Tiempo Past Perfect ( tiempo perfecto)»
  • «Tiempo Past Perfect Continuous

Después de su lectura, se recomienda pasar la siguiente prueba: «grupo de prueba Past

 

Gramática

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