In Gramática By Victoria

Verbo compuesto give

Nos dirigimos a la segunda de verbos compuestos — give El principal contenido semántico del verbo son los siguientes: para dar, dar, dar, a dedicar. ¿Qué otros valores puede tomar la palabra en combinación con las preposiciones?

Los valores de la frase verbal give

  1. Give away — dar (regalos) para distribuir nada que dar (secreto)

    He gave away the secret. – He gave away the secret. – Dio secreto.

    She gave away all the money to the poor. – pobre. She gave away all the money to the poor. – She gave away all the money to the poor. – Ella regaló todo su dinero a los pobres.

    They’re giving away a CD with this magazine. – CD– revista. They’re giving away a CD with this magazine. – CD– They’re giving away a CD with this magazine. – CD– es un regalo para esta revista.

  2. Give back — para volver, para dar

    Give back the book you borrowed. – Give back the book you borrowed. – Llevar el libro que tomó.

  3. Give forth — publicar, emitir, promulgar, para descartar el rumor

    It won’t do to give forth. – It won’t do to give forth. – Difundir rumores erróneos.

  4. Give in — ceder, ceder; tomar el (trabajo escrito)

    Don’t give in without a fight. – Don’t give in without a fight. – No te rindas sin luchar.

    She gave in her exam paper. – She gave in her exam paper. – Ella pasó su prueba de examen.

  5. Give off — emitir, tema (olor, humo, luz, calor)

    This lamp gives off a very bright light. – This lamp gives off a very bright light. – Esta lámpara está brillando muy brillantes.

    The fire was giving off a lot of smoke. – humo. The fire was giving off a lot of smoke. – The fire was giving off a lot of smoke. – Desde el incendio fue una gran cantidad de humo.

  6. Give out — distribuir, declarar final

    His strength gave out after running that long distance. – distancia. His strength gave out after running that long distance. – His strength gave out after running that long distance. – Su poder terminó cuando él pasó una larga distancia.

    He gave out copies of the report at the end of the meeting. – final de la reunión. He gave out copies of the report at the end of the meeting. – He gave out copies of the report at the end of the meeting. – Dio (distribuido) copia del informe después de la reunión.

    The food supplies gave out. – The food supplies gave out. – Los suministros de alimentos se agotaron.

  7. Give over — pasar, lanzar (hacer algo)

    Give over pushing! – Give over pushing! – Deje de empujar!

    We gave the keys over to our neighbors during our absence. – durante nuestra ausencia. We gave the keys over to our neighbors during our absence. – We gave the keys over to our neighbors during our absence. – En su ausencia nos dejó las llaves vecinos.

  8. Give up — dejar, abandonar, dejar de fumar, dejar (la esperanza), para dar (un penal)

    He gave up his seat to her. – He gave up his seat to her. – Le dio un lugar.

    He gave up smoking. – He gave up smoking. – Dejó de fumar.

    You were so late that we gave you up. – para arriba. You were so late that we gave you up. – You were so late that we gave you up. – Usted llegó tan tarde que ya no tenemos que esperar.

    The murderer gave up. – The murderer gave up. – El asesino se entregó.

  9. Give up on smth — renunciar a algo (como la idea)

    Jack gave up on improving relation. – Jack gave up on improving relation. – Renunció a la idea de mejorar las relaciones.

  10. Give up on smb — se dio por vencido (por ejemplo, de la esperanza) de que alguien va a hacer lo que usted espera de él

    After the quarrel she gave up on him. – After the quarrel she gave up on him. – Después de una pelea, ella rompió con él.

Este tema está estrechamente relacionado con el otro como se describe en los artículos que deben prestar atención:

  • «Verbo compuesto get – Parte 1»
  • «Verbo compuesto get – Parte 2»
  • «Verbo compuesto make
  • «Verbo compuesto take
  • «Verbo compuesto bring

Después de su lectura, se recomienda pasar la siguiente prueba: «Prueba # 1 en el uso de verbos compuestos en el idioma Inglés.»

 

Gramática

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