In Gramática By Julia

Verbo compuesto keep

El verbo keep es un conjunto de valores. Los principales son: 1) para mantener; 2) tienda; 3) la retención.


Pero eso no es todo. Desde un solo verbo puede obtener una gran cantidad de otros valores, la adición de algunas preposiciones. Echemos un vistazo a todas las opciones posibles verbo compuesto keep

  1. Keep ahead — mantenerse a la vanguardia, para avanzar en los estudios de casos.

    Tom had difficulties at work, but he managed to keep ahead and to be promoted. – las arregló para mantenerse por delante y ser promovido. Tom had difficulties at work, but he managed to keep ahead and to be promoted. – Tom had difficulties at work, but he managed to keep ahead and to be promoted. – Tom tenía dificultades en el trabajo, pero fue capaz de avanzar y conseguir un ascenso.

  2. Keep away from — Evitar (literal y figuradamente).

    He tried to keep away from that woman, he was really very shy. – que era realmente muy tímido. He tried to keep away from that woman, he was really very shy. – He tried to keep away from that woman, he was really very shy. – Él trató de evitar a la mujer, que era increíblemente tímido.

    The doctor advised John to keep away from cigarettes. – los cigarrillos. The doctor advised John to keep away from cigarettes. – The doctor advised John to keep away from cigarettes. – Dr. John aconseja abstenerse de cigarrillos.

  3. Keep back — 1) para ocultar, para frenar (emociones); 2) posponer, mantenga.

    She tried to keep the accident back. – She tried to keep the accident back. – Ella trató de ocultar el accidente.

    I asked the shop assistant to keep the skirt back for one hour. – falda de espalda durante una hora. I asked the shop assistant to keep the skirt back for one hour. – I asked the shop assistant to keep the skirt back for one hour. – Le pregunté al vendedor para retrasar una falda horas.

  4. Keep down — 1) para retrasar el crecimiento, obstaculizar el desarrollo; 2) suprimir (sensación de rebelión); 3) abstenerse de vómitos; 4) dejar para el segundo año.

    The high taxes always keep down small-scale business. – empresarial. The high taxes always keep down small-scale business. – The high taxes always keep down small-scale business. – Los altos impuestos son siempre impiden el desarrollo de las pequeñas empresas.

    Jack met his love but she was married, so he had to keep down his feelings. – así que tuvo que mantener bajos sus sentimientos. Jack met his love but she was married, so he had to keep down his feelings. – Jack met his love but she was married, so he had to keep down his feelings. – Jack conoció a su amor, pero ella estaba casada, así que tuvo que reprimir sus sentimientos.

    He can’t keep down his food. – He can’t keep down his food. – Sus lágrimas todo el tiempo.

    Mark failed his examinations again, so the committee decided to keep him down. – Comité decidió mantener derribarlo. Mark failed his examinations again, so the committee decided to keep him down. – Mark failed his examinations again, so the committee decided to keep him down. – Marcos falló otra vez los exámenes, por lo que la comisión decidió dejarlo en el segundo año.

  5. Keep in — 1) Apoyo; 2) contenida.

    We spent that night in the forest, so somebody had to keep in fire. – así que alguien tenía que mantener en el fuego. We spent that night in the forest, so somebody had to keep in fire. – We spent that night in the forest, so somebody had to keep in fire. – Esa noche que pasamos en el bosque, por lo que alguien tenía que mantener el fuego encendido.

    Sarah tried to keep her disappointment in, but it was difficult not to notice it. – pero era difícil no darse cuenta de ello. Sarah tried to keep her disappointment in, but it was difficult not to notice it. – Sarah tried to keep her disappointment in, but it was difficult not to notice it. – Sarah trató de contener su decepción, pero era difícil no darse cuenta.

  6. Keep off — 1) mantener lejos, mantener alejado; 2) retrasar.

    Keep off! – Keep off! – Volver!

    An apple won’t keep off your hunger. – An apple won’t keep off your hunger. – Apple no saciar su hambre.

  7. Keep on — 1) para continuar a hacer cualquier cosa; 2) para mantener en la misma posición; 3) Para seguir actuando de persistir; 4) para extender el contrato de arrendamiento.

    We wanted to soothe the child, but she kept on crying. – ella seguía llorando. We wanted to soothe the child, but she kept on crying. – We wanted to soothe the child, but she kept on crying. – Nos gustaría tranquilizar al niño, pero ella continuó a llorar.

    Bred decided to keep on at his job, he didn’t see other prospects. – él no vio otras perspectivas. Bred decided to keep on at his job, he didn’t see other prospects. – Bred decided to keep on at his job, he didn’t see other prospects. – Brad decidió quedarse en su trabajo, que no vio otras perspectivas.

    Keep on with your work, however hard it seems to be. – que parece ser. Keep on with your work, however hard it seems to be. – Keep on with your work, however hard it seems to be. – Seguir trabajando como si no le parecía difícil.

    I decided to stay in Paris for another week, that’s why I kept my flat on. – semana, por eso seguí mi piso en. I decided to stay in Paris for another week, that’s why I kept my flat on. – I decided to stay in Paris for another week, that’s why I kept my flat on. – Decidí quedarme en París durante una semana, así que extendí el alquiler.

  8. Keep out of — 1) no dejes que (algo); 2) se mantenga alejado nada.

    Keep them out of the lab. It’s very dangerous! – Keep them out of the lab. It’s very dangerous! – No dejes que ir al laboratorio. Esto es muy peligroso!

    He always tried to keep out of problems, but they were chasing him. – pero lo estaban persiguiendo. He always tried to keep out of problems, but they were chasing him. – He always tried to keep out of problems, but they were chasing him. – Siempre ha tratado de evitar problemas, pero lo persiguieron.

  9. Keep together — permanecer unidos, permanecer juntos.

    That was the very difficult situation, so the family tried to keep together. – la familia trató de mantener juntos. That was the very difficult situation, so the family tried to keep together. – That was the very difficult situation, so the family tried to keep together. – La situación era muy difícil, por lo que la familia tratando de permanecer juntos.

  10. Keep under — 1) para mantener en sujeción; 2) prevenir (crecimiento, desarrollo).

    Jim kept 200 employees under. – Jim kept 200 employees under. – Jim mantiene en sujeción 200 empleados.

    Doctors tried to keep the epidemy under. – Doctors tried to keep the epidemy under. – Los médicos estaban tratando de prevenir una epidemia.

  11. Keep up — 1) Apoyo; 2) mantener en buen estado; 3) cumplir; 4) estar a la par.

    Though they haven’t seen each other for 5 years, they still keep up the correspondence. – Though they haven’t seen each other for 5 years, they still keep up the correspondence. – A pesar de que no han visto desde hace 5 años, todavía mantienen una correspondencia.

    She is a housewife, that’s why she has to keep up the house. – que tiene que mantener la casa. She is a housewife, that’s why she has to keep up the house. – She is a housewife, that’s why she has to keep up the house. – Ella es una ama de casa, por lo que tiene que mantener la casa en orden.

    Though they immigrated in Canada, they still keep up Ukrainian traditions. – mantienen tradiciones ucranianas. Though they immigrated in Canada, they still keep up Ukrainian traditions. – Though they immigrated in Canada, they still keep up Ukrainian traditions. – A pesar de que se han trasladado a Canadá, que todavía se adhieren a las tradiciones ucranianas.

    It’s difficult to keep up with the best companies, but the result deserves efforts. – mejores compañías, pero el resultado merece esfuerzos. It’s difficult to keep up with the best companies, but the result deserves efforts. – It’s difficult to keep up with the best companies, but the result deserves efforts. – Es difícil estar a la par con las mejores compañías, pero el resultado vale la pena el esfuerzo.

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Gramática

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